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象形拳与气功五禽戏特点对比探究

时间:2016-04-28 来源:未知 作者:学术堂 本文字数:2963字

    本篇论文目录导航:

【题目】象形拳与气功五禽戏特点对比探究 
【第一章】象形拳与五禽戏异同分析引言 
【第二章  第三章】象形拳与五禽戏关联研究综述与方法 
【4.1  4.2】象形拳和五禽戏象形的比较 
【4.3】象形拳和五禽戏仿生的比较
【4.4  4.5】象形拳和五禽戏健身的比较 
【结论/参考文献】五禽戏与象形拳健身比较研究结论与参考文献 


  中文摘要

  我国在党的第十六次代表大会很明确的提出了要全面建设小康社会的伟大目标。而小康社会不仅仅体现在我国经济发展的指数上,更要体现在人民的生活质量、生活水平的提高上。所以,不仅要要全力的构建全民健身健康体系,还要积极的开展全民健身活动,不断的提高国民的身体素质、健康水平。国民身体的健康也关系到民族素质的整体提高和社会的文明进步。

  “象形”思维方法是促进中华民族传统文化的产生和发展的一种有效的方法,也是沟通象形武术与健身功法之间的桥梁。象形拳与五禽戏都是从象形当中领悟出来的分支,在中华民族传统文化中具有举足轻重的地位和作用。而且现在,它们正在以其特有的价值逐步走向全世界,习练者越来越多,传播范围越来越广,但对于象形拳和五禽戏了解的都比较模糊,不够透彻,容易把二者混淆,对于这种社会现象,的确具有加以深入理论研究的必要。本文通过文献资料法、专家访谈法、比较分析法对象形拳与气功五禽戏这两种运动之间进行比较研究,得出以下结论:

  在象形拳和五禽戏象形比较中,象形武术在动作名称大都是四字词,并且富有技击意味;五禽戏动作名称都是两个字,都是由动物平和的动作命名而来,没有技击含义。技术动作都是模仿动物某一动作及外在形象或者某一身体部位演化而来。习练上由浅入深,循序渐进,逐步的掌握。

  在象形拳和五禽戏仿生比较上,从形、意、神三个方面进行描述,都是拟动物之形,仿动物之神,通动物之意。形、神、意合一,锻炼身体使之形正、意美、神似。

  在象形拳和五禽戏健身比较中,从本源上看,传统武术与健身气功都根植在中国文化这片肥田沃土之上,是国人的智慧结晶。象形拳壮外调内,锻炼“五体”.五禽戏主要是理气调经,对内脏器官的锻炼效果突出。

  在适用范围上,象形拳种类繁多,风格迥异,符合不同年龄以及人群的目的要求,适合各个年龄段人进行选择习练;而五禽戏动作缓慢简单,不需要发力,能够延缓衰老,改善生理机能,对老年人效果更加突出。

  此外,两者对外在因素影响小,还能够娱乐大众,促进交流,丰富生活,都具有更广泛的适用性。

  关键词:健康,象形,象形拳,五禽戏

  ABSTRAC

  TOur China has clearly put forward to the great target of constructing a well-off society in the Sixteenth Party Congress. However, the well-off society is not only reflected in China's economic development index, but also in the improvement of people's quality of life and growthin the living standard. So we must do our best to construct the systemof national fitness and carry out public fitness activities actively to improve the physical quality and fitness of the whole population. The national physical health is also related to the overall improvement ofthe quality of nation and the progress of society and human civilization.

  Pictograph is an effective method to promote the emergence and development of the tra-ditional culture of the Chinese nation and the communication bridge between pictographic martial arts and fitness exercises. Pictographic boxing and Wuqinxi are branches out of the comprehension of pictograph and play adecisive role in the traditional Chineseculture. And now, they are gradually moving towards the worldwith its unique value. The number of its practitioner keeps growing with its range becoming wider and wider. But people's understanding to pictographic boxing and Wuqinxi is rather obscure and not thorough enough, which can lead to the confusion of the two. For this kind of social phenomenon, it is indeed necessary to present an in-depth theoretical study. This paper makes a comparative study between practicing pictographic boxing and Wuqinxi by using the methods of documentary,analysis and expert interview and comparative analysis and draw the following conclusions:

  From the pictographic comparative perspective of the pictographic boxing and Wuqinxi pictographic, we found that the action names of Pictographicmartial arts are mostly made of four words and rich in martial meaning,while the action names of Wuqinxi are mainly two words named after animal's peaceful actions without martial meaning. Their techinical movements evolved from the imitations of animal movements, its external image or a body part with a similar way of practicing .

  In the bionic comparative perspective of the pictographic boxing and Wuqinxi pictographic, both of the two stimulate animal shape, imitate animal spirit and understand animal intention described from three aspects of form,meaning and spirit to unite them as one to achieve the realm of upright body, spirit alike and dedicatied mind.

  From the fitness perspective of the pictographic boxing and Wuqinxi pictographic, the pictographic boxing can make our body strong and regulate the internal to exercise the five main parts of our body. Wuqinxi mainly regulates our breath and meridian, whichhas a prominent effect on visceral organs.

  Pictographic boxing with the meaning of attack and defense, is various and suitable for all ages of people choosing to practise.

  Wuqinxi movements are simple and slow down aging, so it has better effect for the elderly.The two have a wide aplicability as it is not likely to be affected by extrinsic factors.

  KEY WORDS: fitness, pictograph, pictographic boxing, Wuqinxi


    目 录

  1 引言

  1.1 选题依据

  1.1.1 象形深厚的历史积淀

  1.1.2 亚健康状态威胁现代人健康

  1.1.3 高龄老人健康问题令人担忧

  1.2 研究目的

  1.3 研究意义

  1.3.1 正确认识象形拳与五禽戏

  1.3.2 指导不同目的、不同基础的人进行科学锻炼

  1.3.3 解释习练者的疑惑

  1.3.4 促进全民健身活动全面发展

  2 文献综述

  2.1 关于象形拳的研究综述

  2.2 关于五禽戏的研究综述

  2.3 关于象形拳与五禽戏关系研究

  3 研究对象与方法

  3.1 研究对象

  3.2 研究方法

  3.1.1 文献资料法

  3.1.2 专家访谈法

  3.1.3 比较分析法

  4 研究结果与分析

  4.1 概念的界定

  4.1.1 象形

  4.1.2 仿生

  4.1.3 象形拳

  4.1.4 五禽戏

  4.2 象形拳和五禽戏象形的比较

  4.2.1 动作名称

  4.2.2 技术动作

  4.2.3 练习方法

  4.3 象形拳和五禽戏仿生的比较

  4.3.1 形

  4.3.2 意

  4.3.3 神

  4.4 象形拳和五禽戏健身的比较

  4.4.1 象形武术健身作用

  4.4.2 五禽戏健身作用

  4.5 适用范围

  5 结论与建议

  5.1 结论

  5.2 建议

  参考文献

  致谢

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