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ѧרҵѧϰƽ̨ǰλãѧ > д > ˶ʿд

רҵ˶ʿд۵ʵ

ʱ䣺2020-04-20 ԴMBAѧλодָ 3820
ߣ

ĵǷмֵ۵㡣һ˵,һƪѧ(ѧλ)ֻһ۵˵,ж⡣һһֻһɡ֮䡶ĵдһɵ˵:“ν,ƪĵĻ˼Ҫдô׳,ֻдһɡ”(2004)ĵĻ,ļȺ۾ݵ֤,ΧȡᡣҪüĹ벻뵽,ּ۾ݳ嵭⡣ǰ־ġΪʲôйͶС(ơͶС) ,ƪݶǽܽ“ƶȳɱԳ͵ļֵ”ġ

оܻܽûʶ,һƪѧλһҪԡ˵۵ʲô,Ҫ,׽ṹɢ,㣬֤롣

ǰᵽ,⵼ѧλһоҪһ,⵼漰۵˵,ֻһ۵㲢,Թһƪϸѧλġ,ƪڸĽȫԤĵб,Ԥ״“ԤƽȱЧֶ”ĸʵ,˻ƻȰԭ,:

ȫڲƵĽʩͰಢе۵,ûһɵ۵,ܽ۵֦һ εعл塣¿ƪϸĹ,Ϊоûشⶼش,ȫ棬ʵʹаĹҪоо,ܷΧһ֤,ΪѧλĹĻ,ֻҪץסij,з۵,ٽг֤,Ϳдһƪϸѧλ,۵Գڵо“”֣ҲԳڵо“ԭ”“ʩ”֡

һƪѧλֻһ۵,˵û۵۵,ֵһ۵,Щ۵ĵ۵ϵ߼λͬ,βͬĹֱȥ֤ij۵㣬Ҫһ,תΪ۵㡣־“ƶȳɱԳ͵ļֵ”۵,תΪ۵֤,ƶȲƵĹ:ʱҪϰ,ҵص͡۵֧۵㡣

۵ͬ,۵Ϊ֦֧ɡ֦Ҷа,ûЩɵĴС֦ķҶ,ҲûˡƵأ۵ҪתΪ۵,֤пɲԡһƪĵĸ۵㾭ֺ֤֧,۵㷽ܳ

ͶСһ,ֱӼͱȽ۵еĸƶȳɱ,ͬƶ½ʱ䳤̡ϰСҵصȷ۵㡣ʹǷ۵,“ƶϰ”,ֱ֤ѣתʱ䡢úעʽȿԲȵָӳϰС,۵滹۵㡣

֤߼,۵㿪ʼ,۵,ײIJ۵ռ֤ݡ̿۵ʾ۵ĺ:һ϶һƪа۵,Щ۵㲻ǹָ,ǹһлϵϵ;Ϊ۵ϵеĸ۵㲻һͬʣ ֮֮ŵݽʽϵ,ԱΪ״ṹһƪĵ۵,ĵĹԼ۵֮߼ϵ,۵ΪɹȻҪ,Щ֡ϸ֦ķ۵㡢۵,ҲDzȱٵлɲ֡

ͼ3-1ʾͶСһĵ۵“ƶȳɱԳ͵ļֵ”۵㡢ɡ۵:ʱ䳤,ϰ,ҵƫ͡⼸۵ıӦ“йҵ뷢ҵ,ʱϳ”ȡ“ϰ”ķ۵,ֹĸ۵:ʱ䡢áעʽЩ۵,ȷ˵,ҲӦüij,“йҵ뷢ҵ,˾ע϶”ȡ

һ۵ӦĸΪֹ,ҪΪһε۵ ռ,ʵ֤֤һһε۵ɳΪ۵,㲻ȥͼ3-1еڶ“ʱ䳤”“ҵƫ”ѿռݽ֤,۵,֦˱㲻ٷֲ档ڶ“ϰ”“ϰ”ֱӲ,“”ĸ۵,ĸ۵漰ıпɲ,Ϊ۵㡣ƪĵIJ۵㹲ڶ,ĸڵ㡣

һƪ۵ֻһ,۵IJ㼶Ҳ̫,һҲ,۵㣬۵Ҳ˹ࡣרҵѧλ˵һ۵,дֱ֤IJ()۵,߰˸ѾDZȽ϶ˡ

оƽ׶۵д,ڼ衣,ȷ˵۵ӦǼй˵˼άϰ,“۵”ʽ֮“”Ϊ,ڽ

ǰᵽһƪйҽԺĵо,ɸͼ3-2ʾ۵۵Ȼֻһ,“ٴ·ԭȵĹʽҪ”;ķ۵ĸ,“ٴ·ĹЧʱԭȵĹʽҪ”“ٴ·ҽԭȵĹʽҪ”“ٴ·ҽƷñԭȵĹʽҪ”“ٴ·ԴñԭȵĹʽ”۵ȫ۵,11,ǰ11۵ȥռݡͼǼԱ,Ƿӳ֮ϵļ䡣

ǰһڡ˼ļһ۵о˼·Ϊ“ṹ”(2010) ṹ( pyramid structure )“˴˶,©”( Mutually Exclusive, Collectively Exhaustive , MECE)˼·ɡһش,Χ۵,صҲ©ؽ֤۵ࡣΪ,“۶ôӴ,ôӵ⣬ӦMECE˼άʽȻҳ֤,,ٰ۵һ۵۾,ơֲۻķ,ǽṹλڽṹ˵Ψһһʯͷ,ҪóΨһ( ۵)仰˵ڽṹ,ֻһ,ݶ֧۵֤”ǰһ֮ͬĹ۵㣬Ϊκһо۵ֻһ,ݴ״ṹļ۵۾õ۵Ⱥ

ǰһٳӦýṹʵʵ“ƵӪҵ»”,ж“ʦ”ΪӪҵҪ,“Ӫҵ»”ʵ“ʦ”ص,㹹о,R=(Ӫҵ»,ʦ)Ԥ“ȷ”Ľṹͼ3-3ʾ,˷۵˼·һµġ

ͼĵһ۵“ƵɹĹؼȷ”,۵ҲԱΪ“ƵӪҵ”֤ĽǶȿ,“Ӫҵ”“ɹ”ײȡڶε۵:“ƵӪҵߵȡڲ”“ĶȡڷסߵĶ”“ζΪ”۵“˴˶,©”Ҫ󡣱˴˶ָһ۵жʱ,ؿ۵㡣©,ָ趼Ļ,ϲ۵㼴۵

ڶ۵,ƵӪҵߵȡڲ۵,ֵÿ۵,“Ƶס޷ѵԾƵûй”“;Ƶ”֧֡۵ҲƵƳ۵㡣ڱ,۵㼴Dz۵,“Ƶס޷ѵԾƵûй”,Ϳɴ۵漰ıʼռݽ֤

۵ܷ˼,ол뷨.۵,Ҫһ,һвεġ¹۵,һҪ˼,εжϡ,۵һ˼,һоһƪľ˹ܡһɺ֦ѻ,һﹹ,,깤ͽаաȻ,ĺ컨Ҷְܱ,Ʒ,ǽڵ湤,Ҳ᷵

Щоѧλƪ,,һЩϵе⡣۵,ĹʲôͲʲôддʲôͲдʲô,ȷʾ۵漰ĸ۵ͱ,оĹͬ,дѵıīһ,Ҫҵо(leanproduction)֮˵,“׼”,“”˼,ȥӷ׵ĻɵijĿ,ҪԴڱõĵط۵Ƶ:о,ڸͶ˵ĵطͶ˾;дʱ,ڸ÷ѱīĵطŷѱī,ʹľ“”,һȻһ塣

۵Ϥ˼ٲһ,˼ٱʾо˼··,һֻһӽǻ֪ʶȥ⣬۵еĸ۵,ӳһֳж,ָ()֮ڵijֹϵ,ߵóʲôж,һµʶ,λоо߿ƼƷӳٵij,ͼ3-4ʾ״ͼȻ,Ĵʾ䶼dzжϣҲû漰֮ĹϵͲΪ۵,ֻΪ˼,⼸ȥԭ

ԭij.MBAѧλодָ[M].죺ѧ磬2018.45-50.
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