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我国侦查到案措施体系研究 摘要及引言

时间:2014-04-14 来源:未知 作者:小韩 本文字数:2921字

  内容摘要
  
  侦查到案措施体系是指在侦查阶段,为了保障刑事诉讼的顺利进行,由适用于不同案件情形的多种侦查到案措施所组成的逻辑严密的统一整体。在大多数的案件中,侦查到案都是整个案件侦查中的关键一环。因此,侦查到案措施体系本身的完善与否将会直接影响到案件的侦查质量。如何对侦查到案措施体系进行完善,是值得我们深入思考的问题。本文从对侦查到案措施体系基本理论进行分析入手,指出我国的侦查到案措施体系所存在的问题,并在借鉴域外经验的基础上结合我国的实际,提出我国侦查到案措施体系完善的具体建议。

  本文除引言和结语以外,正文共由四个部分组成,共计两万八千余字。

  第一部分对侦查到案措施体系的概念、特点以及构成等基本理论问题进行分析。侦查到案措施体系是指在侦查阶段,为了保障刑事诉讼的顺利进行,由适用不同嫌疑情形与案件条件的各种到案措施所组成的逻辑严密的整体。侦查到案措施体系具有全面性、有机整体性和实践可操作性特点。按照到案措施是否适用强制力进行划分,侦查到案措施体系由任意到案措施和强制到案措施构成;按照形式属性划分,侦查到案措施体系由有证到案措施与无证到案措施构成。

  第二部分分析我国现行侦查到案措施体系的现状、所存在的问题以及造成问题的原因。我国立法层面上的侦查到案措施体系以强制和有证到案措施为主,并且某些到案措施还具有羁押功能。在我国的侦查实践中,侦查到案措施体系是由口头传唤、传唤、留置、抓捕和扭送等到案措施组成的。实践中的侦查到案措施体系具有一定的合理性和可操作性,但由于缺少立法的具体规定,使得实践中的侦查到案措施体系有着非规范性和非节制性的缺陷,违反了程序法定的基本原则。造成侦查到案措施体系立法与实践相脱节的原因主要是由于立法层面上的侦查到案措施体系本身不合理并且脱离了实践。

  第三部分主要考察域外的侦查到案措施体系。侦查到案措施体系在法治发达国家发展的较为成熟,总体上是由任意到案措施与强制到案措施构成,并且以无证、强制到案措施的适用为主。

  第四部分提出我国侦查到案措施体系的完善建议。整体上将侦查到案措施体系分为任意到案与强制到案两种,首先确立自愿同行措施。对传唤、拘传、逮捕的适用条件、审批机制、到案期限等方面进行完善。通过借鉴域外法治国家的无证逮捕,同时结合我国的拘留和扭送制度,在我国确立无证逮捕到案措施。在对我国侦查到案措施体系进行完善时,还需要确立相关的配套措施。

  关键词:侦查到案措施体系;体系异化;自愿同行;完善
  
  Abstract
  
  Investigation to case measures system in the investigation stage, in order to protect thecriminal proceedings carried out smoothly logical unity of the whole composed by a varietyof detection for different cases, circumstances appearing in court. In most cases, investigationappearing in court is the key link of the entire case investigation. Therefore, the investigationto case measures system's perfect or not will directly affect the quality of the investigation ofthe case. How to perfect the investigation to case measures system, it is worthy of ourin-depth thinking. In this paper analyze start form the basic theory of the investigation to casemeasures system, pointed out the problems of the investigation to case measures system inour country, and based on the foreign experience and combined with China's actual, putforward specific recommendations of the investigations system.

  In addition to this article and the conclusion other than ,body consists of four parts.Atotal of 20000 eight thousand words.

  The first part analyzed the investigation to case measures system ofconcepts,characteristics and composition of the basic theoretical issues.Investigation to casemeasures system in the investigation stage, in order to protect the criminal proceedingscarried out smoothly logical unity of the whole composed by a variety of detection fordifferent cases, circumstances appearing in court. The investigation to case measures systemis in the comprehensive,organic integrity,operability characteristics. Divided appearing incourt measures by the applicability of the mandatory;divided according to the form ofproperty ,the investigation to case measures system constitute by certificate to case measuresand without a license to case measures.

  The second part of the analysis of the current investigation to case measures system ofstatua quo,the problems and the problems and the cause of the problem.Investigation to casemeasures system on the level of China's legislative order to enforcement and certificatemeasures .And some of appearing in court measures also has custody.In our investigationpractice,the investigation to case measures system by verbal summons,subpoena,liens,arrestand seized and turned over to the composition.The investigation to case measures system ofpractice has certain rationality and operability.However,due to the lack of specific provisionsof the legislation, the defects of the investigation to case measures system of practice withnon-normative and non-sexual restraint,violation of the basic principles of procedures forstatutory. The main reasons caused legislation level of investigation to case measures systemitself unreasonable out of practice.

  The third part mainly study on the extra-territorial investigation to case measuressystem.General appearing in court by random measures and measures of compulsoryattendance constitute.And mainly applies by undocumented,forced to case measures.

  The fourth part put forward country investigation to case measures system improvementrecommendations. The overall general investigation to case measures system is divided intotwo kinds of random appearing in court forced to case.First established the voluntary peermeasures. To improve the subpoena ,issue a warrant ,arrest of the applicableconditions,approval mechanism,appearing in court deadline.Arrest undocumented learn fromExtra-territorial state under the rule of the law.Combined with China's detention system seizedand turned over,Established the undocumented arrest appearing in court measures in China.Toperfect the system of our investigation to case measures ,also need to establish supportingmeasures.

  Keyword:investigation to case measures system; system of alienation; voluntarypeer; perfect

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